In this strategy, we buy a stock we feel bullish about. Now, it is a possibility that we may be wrong and the stock price may go down. So, to safeguard our investment, we buy a put option on the stock. This enables us with the right to sell the security at a certain price (i.e. the strike price). The strike price can be at the money or slightly below out of the money.
In case the stock price rises you will get the full benefit of the price rise. And if the stock price falls, you can exercise the Put Option. You have limited your loss in this manner. The Put option stops your further losses. The strategy can yield either limited loss or unlimited profit. The payoff diagram of this strategy looks like the diagram of a long call strategy and therefore it is referred to as Synthetic Call!
The above image is a diagrammatic representation of the Synthetic long call. Again, on ‘X’ axis, we have the stock price and on the ‘Y’ axis, we have the payoff.
|Buy Stock||Current Market Price of the stock (Rs.)||12100|
|Strike Price (Rs.)||12000|
|Buy Put||Premium (Rs.)||150|
|Break Even Point (Rs.) (Put Strike Price + Put Premium + Stock Price – Put Strike Price)||12250|
Analysis: It is a strategy with limited risk. If the market falls, your losses are limited and if it rises, your profit can be unlimited.
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