To create a Protective call, you begin with shorting a stock and buying a call option on that stock. You create a protective call when you are bearish on a stock. But in order to protect your decision of shorting the stock, you buy a call option. Protective call is also known as synthetic long put. This is because the payoff chart of this strategy looks like a long put payoff chart. The strategy offers limited risk and unlimited profit. This strategy is the opposite of the Synthetic Call option strategy. The call option you buy, is either at the money or slightly out of the money. When the price of the stock falls, you don't exercise the call option. And when the price is higher than the break-even point, at the time of expiry, you can exercise the option and earn the profit.
Protective Call Option Payoff chart: In the above figure, we have underlying price on the ‘X’ or the horizontal axis and Payoff/profit on the ‘Y’ or the vertical axis.
|Buy Stock||Current Market Price of the stock (Rs.)||12000|
|Strike Price (Rs)||12100|
|Buy Put||Premium (Rs.)||150|
|Break Even Point (Rs.) (Put Strike Price + Put Premium + Stock Price – Put Strike Price)||11850|
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